Everything about 5G

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5G is the 5th generation mobile network. It is a new global wireless standard after 1G, 2G, 3G, and 4G networks. 5G enables a new kind of network that is designed to connect virtually everyone and everything together including machines, objects, and devices.

4G vs 5G

  • Main differences between the two physical architectures are the disaggregation of 5G RAN components and the ability of 5G RAN and core network functions to be virtualized more than their 4G predecessors.
  • 4G is reaching the technical limits of how much data it can quickly transfer across blocks of spectrum. A major difference between 5G and 4G is this congestion will be eliminated
  • 4G will offer essential support to the 5G networks and act as a bridge between the major cities
  • Latency for 4G is around 20-30 milliseconds, but for 5G it will reach well below 10 milliseconds, and in best cases around 1 millisecond delays
GenerationTheoretical SpeedFeatures
2G9.6/14.4Kbps2G enabled phones were use for making calls and transferring data.
3G3.1Mbps3G enabled fast data browsing on a mobile device and paved the way for video conferencing and streaming.
3.5G14.4MbpsEven faster data transfer.
4G100-300MbpsIncredibly fast download speeds, paved the way for HD Streaming.
5G10-30GbpsUltra-fast internet, low-latency and improved reliability.

Advantages to 5G

  • 5G for cable replacement: organization may opt for 5G simply because it is cheaper than adding additional fixed connections
  • 5G for remote control: 5G can also be used to control facilities remotely
  • 5G for new device categories: 5G standard may enable some relatively niche, nascent device form factors to attain their full potential. Augmented reality (AR) and virtual reality (VR) goggles are two examples
  • 5G for productivity improvement: One trial by Worcester Bosch in the United Kingdom found that private 5G enabled a 2 percent productivity improvement for some applications
  • 5G early adopters would pay extra for 5G—or switch to another provider—for better mobile streaming video quality
  • An increasing number of smartphones, wearables, sensors, and other devices in the IoT means that more data is created and collected in real time
  • Today more than 50 percent of global web traffic terminates at a mobile device, and as much as 70 percent in some countries

Private 5G

  • Public vs. Private 5G: Public is what the public and consumers have access to. Access to private 5G network either by purchasing its own infrastructure while contracting for operational support from a mobile operator, or by building and maintaining its own 5G network using its own spectrum
  • 1/3 of the 2020–2025 private 5G market, measured in dollars of spend, will come from ports, airports, and similar logistics hubs
  • Another third of the total private 5G opportunity will come from factories and warehouses
  • Private 5G network can be configured to a location’s specific needs, and configurations can vary by site, depending on the type of work undertaken in each venue
  • Private network also allows companies to determine the network’s deployment timetable and coverage quality
  • Security can be higher, affording network owners a degree of control that may not be possible on a public network

5G Network Slicing

  • Enables them to carve out and create multiple end-to-end networks on a common infrastructure platform
  • CSPs can automatically configure and optimize each network slice to support performance requirements for a wide variety of customer use cases, applications, and traffic assigned to that network.

Value Chain

Adoption of 5G

  • Immersive and new media applications will scale significantly by 2028 and are forecast to generate more than USD 67 billion annually, according to Intel
  • 45 percent of survey respondents indicated they’re excited about more advanced VR entertainment applications, ranking VR second only to UHD video streaming
  • Gaming and eSports enthusiasts excited about 5G. 77 percent of the eSports enthusiasts among our survey respondents are energized about 5G, with 58 percent willing to pay significantly more for a 5G-enabled mobile device
  • US cloud computing companies such as Oracle, IBM, Google, Microsoft’s Azure, or Amazon Web Services could become 5G providers and asymmetrically compete with Huawei by leveraging their superior ability to manage network virtualization and cloud/edge/RAN physical, functional, and logical architectures

Investment Ideas



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